Women's Heart Health
Focused on Women’s Heart Health
Women focus on the health care needs of their family, while neglecting their own – especially when it comes to heart health.
In fact, 90 percent of women have one or more risk factors for developing heart disease. But many women are unaware of these factors or don’t act to find out what steps they need to take to prevent or manage heart disease. Our special emphasis on cardiovascular disease prevention and education makes the Albany Med Health System a unique place for women to take charge of their heart health.
Risk management is essential to preventing and treating heart disease in women. Our experts offer risk assessments to help you identify and understand your risks, such as:
- Lifestyle factors such as diet, physical activity, smoking and stress.
- Health issues like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and pregnancy-related conditions like gestational hypertension and diabetes.
- Prior medications and treatments like hormone replacement therapy, chemotherapy and radiation.
- Family history of heart disease.
Our physicians use proven methods and the latest technology to assess risk and diagnose heart disease, including:
- Cardiac catheterization
- Cardiac ultrasound
- Cardiac stress testing, including ultrasound and nuclear modalities
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Coronary computed tomography (CT) scan Echocardiography
- Electrocardiograms (EKGs)
- Electron beam computed tomography (EBCT) scan
- Holter and event monitors
We provide leading-edge non-surgical and surgical treatments based on your needs. Treatments can include:
- Lifestyle changes
- Medical management
- Catheter-based procedures, like angioplasty and stenting
- Open and minimally invasive heart surgery
Heart Disease In Women Is Serious, But Can Be Preventable
Heart disease is the leading cause of death among American women, with one in three women dying from heart disease each year. But only one in five American women think that heart disease is her greatest health threat. Since 1984, more women than men have died annually from heart disease, and the gap between men and women’s survival continues to widen.
Heart disease degrades the blood vessels and cardiovascular system, often through a process called atherosclerosis. This condition develops when plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow. This can cause a heart attack or stroke.
Heart disease can take many other forms, as well:
- Heart failure or congestive heart failure, which means that the heart is still working, but it isn’t pumping blood as well as it should, or getting enough oxygen.
- Arrhythmia, or an abnormal rhythm of the heart, which means the heart is either beating too fast, too slow or irregularly. This can affect how well the heart is functioning, and whether or not the heart is able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
- Heart valve problems can lead to the heart not opening enough to allow proper blood flow. Sometimes the heart valves don’t close and blood leaks through, or the valve leaflets bulge or prolapse into the upper chamber, causing blood to flow backward through them.
Some symptoms of heart problems in women include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Fluttering in the chest (also called heart palpitations)
- Fatigue, or feeling very tired
- Coughing, especially a dry cough
- Swelling of your feet or ankles
- Fast weight gain
The symptoms of a heart attack can differ for women than for men. Women don’t always have classic symptoms, like chest pain, arm pain and shortness of breath.
Heart attack symptoms in women might be less dramatic and can include:
- Pressure or pain in the chest that comes and goes
- Dizziness or light-headedness
- Pain in the jaw, arm, or back
Many factors put you at risk for heart disease – ones that you can control, and others that you can’t. But with the right information, education and care, heart disease in women can be treated, prevented and even ended.
Studies show that healthy choices have resulted in 330 fewer women dying from heart disease per day. Here are a few lifestyle changes you should make:
- Don’t smoke
- Manage your blood sugar
- Get your blood pressure under control
- Lower your cholesterol
- Know your family history
- Stay active
- Lose weight
- Eat healthy
- Manage stress